To determine the causes of accidents and incidents in the civil aviation field in order to carry out Operational Safety Recommendations (OSR) that contribute to maintaining safety standards in the air transport system and throughout aviation in the general.
It is the JIAAC’s duty to be a leading player in aviation safety management in Argentina, the region and the world, with a proactive, professional, transparent and independent role in each of our responsibilities.
Progress in aeronautics depends on the removal of or reduction in the number of aviation accidents and incidents. Safety is the ultimate aim of aircraft accident and incident investigation. The fulfillment of this aim is an issue that concerns all the States, and it is developed within a specific regulatory framework of national and international nature. In the Argentine Republic, the regulatory framework of aircraft accident and incident investigation work is included in the following regulations:
Act N° 13.529 of the year 1949, Article 31, subsection 16. It assigns authority to the Ministry of State Secretariat for Aeronautics to inspect the remains of aircraft accidents and investigate their causes.
Decree N° 299 of January, 12th 1954, Article 14. It provides for the establishment of “the Aviation Accident Investigation Board” in the sphere of the Under-secretariat of Civil Aviation, as a research and advisory body.
Act 14.307 of July, 15th 1954. The first National Aviation Code. It includes two regulations for accident investigation. In the year 1967, with the amendment to the Code, it was deemed necessary to discuss the topic of accident investigation under a Section due to the major importance that the improvement of Air Safety involved; therefore, the Regulatory Decree, Section IX of the Code, No 934/70 was issued.
Decree 934/70. It resolved to unify the provisions for civil aircraft accident investigation that had been abolished in Decree No 299/54, keeping the Board as the organization in charge of the investigation, and appointing it as General Directorate, reporting to the Air Regions Command of the Command-in-Chief of the Air Force.
In the year 2007, the government of the Argentine Republic considered that the centralization of civil aviation management in the area of a military agency was not consistent with the recommendations produced by ICAO; focused on a civil agency of the National Government with authority in the area of aeronautics.
Decree No 239/07. It creates, in the scope of the Transportation Secretariat of the Ministry of Federal Planning, Public Investment, and Services, the National Civil Aviation Agency (ANAC), which becomes the National Aeronautics Authority.
Decree No 1193/10. The Aircraft Accident Investigation Board is transferred to the sphere of the Transportation Secretariat of the Ministry of Federal Planning, Public Investment, and Services.
Decree No 306/13. The president of the Civil Aviation Accident Investigation Board was appointed.
Decree No 2315/13. Approval of the Board’s structure of first operational level. The National Directorate of Control and Development is created, whose responsibility is to follow up the safety recommendations related to accident and/or incident investigation.